LOMOGRAPHY and the Holga
The Holga is a camera that is constructed with only the basic necessities needed for photo mechanism. It was originally created for medium format 120 film, but has since expanded its range to cater for the more popular 135 (35mm) film format as well. The first version of Holga came out in the 1980s - it has survived it's test of time and it's popularity has even grown greatly since then such that it is now a truly iconic camera amongst the surge of interest in lo-fi photography with movements such as Lomography.
To keep production costs low, the cheap camera construction and simple lens meant that the camera was prone to a number of optical distortions such as vignetting, blurring and light leaks - something seen as a limitation in the technical sense. The alternative view is that such imperfections can be used by photographers as creative effects when composing and creating photos.
This idea has attracted almost a cult following among photographers worldwide - by embracing such limitations it has forced them to concentrate on being creative and innovative, instead of being overly conscious about the complicated functions of new cameras. Many photographs taken on a Holga went on to win numerous awards in photography competitions - and ultimately defined what lo-fi and Lomography photography is all about today.